Leaving No One Behind in Digital Delivery of Public Services: The Case of Online Business Registration in Tanzania
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This study uses the case of online business registration to provide insights into how increased digitalisation in service delivery has impacted women in Tanzania. It analyses the use of ORS, the online registration system created by the Tanzanian government for entrepreneurs to register their businesses online as an alternative to the in-person process. The methodology included an online questionnaire administered via random sampling and a purposive selection of key informants, who offered in-depth information about the key emerging issues. The findings generally reveal that although women make use of digital tools in their daily activities, there is a substantial access gap between men and women. While many have access to digital tools, especially smartphones, affordability of internet bundles is a major obstacle towards closing the digital divide. Digital literacy, both in the use of gadgets and the internet, is yet another cause of the digital gap. The study recommends various interventions at national and global levels to remedy the situation. These include joint action between the government and private sector actors in creating a conducive and inclusive environment for digitalisation; it also calls upon development partners and multinational organisations to prioritise grants and programs that would bridge the digital divide.