K4D supports learning and the use of evidence to improve the impact of development policy and programmes. The programme is designed to assist the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) and other partners to be innovative and responsive to rapidly changing and complex development challenges.

The evidence of what works in the challenging and uncertain contexts in which we work is highly complex. Without this evidence, programmes would not be designed for maximum impact and could be poor value for money. K4D provides an integrated approach to linking organisational learning processes with the use of evidence from research.

K4D is implemented by a consortium of leading knowledge institutions based in the UK, led by the Institute of Development Studies (IDS), with the University of Birmingham, International Development Department (IDD); Education Development Trust; Itad; the University of Leeds, Nuffield Centre for International Health & Development; Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM); and the University of Manchester, Humanitarian and Conflict Response Institute (HCRI).

For more information about the K4D programme, please contact mailto:info@k4d.info


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  • K4D [867]

    K4D supports learning and the use of evidence to improve the impact of development policy and programmes. The programme is designed to assist the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) and other partners to ...

Recent Submissions

  • Lessons Learned from Community Based Approaches to DDR 

    Avis, William (Institute of Development Studies, 2021-11-05)
    The review illustrates that DDR programming has evolved significantly in response to changing situations and emerging challenges; from traditional DDR programmes implemented in post-conflict situations where a peace accord ...
  • Climate Change Risks and Opportunities in Yemen 

    Price, Roz (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-05-27)
    This rapid review provides insight into the effects of climate change in the Republic of Yemen (Yemen), with particular attention on key sectors of concern, including food security, water, energy and health. Many contextual ...
  • Integration of HIV, TB and malaria in Africa: A Reflection Workshop 

    Kim, Ozano (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-07-12)
    Recognising the importance of integrated health service management and delivery to accelerate Universal Health Care (UHC) and tackle the Human Immunodeficiency Viruses (HIV), tuberculosis (TB), and malaria epidemics, the ...
  • Evidence on the Impact of Population Growth on Education Financing and Provision in Tanzania 

    Fitzpatrick, Rachael (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-02-28)
    Tanzania has made great strides in increasing enrolment rates amidst a rapidly growing population. However, despite gains made in primary enrolment, completion rates have not exceeded 70% in the past five years, and enrolment ...
  • Strengths and Weaknesses of INGOs in Delivering Development Outcomes 

    Megersa, Kelbesa (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-06-06)
    Compared to smaller or local NGOs, international non-governmental organisations (INGOs) have more influence or “voice” with decision-makers, funding agencies, and policymakers. As a result, INGOs are often better positioned ...
  • Value for Money of Different CSO Delivery Options 

    Avis, William (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-06-10)
    Value for Money (VfM) is a concept that broadly defines how to maximise and sustain equitable and quality outputs, outcomes and impact for a given level of resources. VfM is a frequently misunderstood term, often associated ...
  • Funding Mechanisms to Local CSOs 

    Avis, William (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-05-06)
    Civil society can be broadly defined as the area outside the family, market and state. As such, civil society encompasses a spectrum of actors with a wide range of purposes, constituencies, structures, degrees of organisation, ...
  • Relationship Between ‘Civil Society’ and ‘Democratic Freedoms’ 

    Hicks, Jacqueline (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-06-06)
    Notwithstanding the point that definitions of ‘civil society’ and ‘democracy’ are themselves actively debated, this rapid review defines democracy as ‘liberal democracy’, which goes beyond elections to include liberal ...
  • Effectiveness of Different Methods to the Counter Financing of Terrorism 

    Idris, Iffat (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-04-29)
    Countering financing of terrorism (CFT) has been a core component of counter terrorism strategies since the 9/11 attacks on the US in 2001. Key CFT measures are criminalisation of terrorism financing; sanctions and assets ...
  • Donor Support for ‘Informal Social Movements’ 

    Hicks, Jacqueline (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-04-29)
    “Social movements” are by definition informal or semi-formal, as opposed to the formal structure of a stable association, such as a club, a corporation, or a political party. They are relatively long lasting over a period ...
  • Anti-corruption Measures in Post-conflict Reconstruction 

    Idris, Iffat (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-06-06)
    Corruption risks in post-conflict reconstruction are high, notably due to the typically large influx of international aid coupled with weak/illegitimate governments and low state capacity. Combatting corruption in post-conflict ...
  • Approaches to Stabilisation 

    Herbert, Sian (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-04-22)
    This rapid literature review explores how approaches to stabilisation have varied by the donor, local context, and over time. While this paper was framed around a research question on the “Area Based Stabilisation” (ABS) ...
  • Humanitarian Evidence and Discourse Summary No.28 

    Kelly, Luke (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-07)
    This is the 28th monthly Humanitarian Evidence Summary (HUMES) to signpost FCDO and other UK government departments to the latest relevant evidence and discourse on humanitarian action to inform and support their response. ...
  • Fair Water Footprint Stakeholder Mapping 

    Bolton, Laura (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-03-31)
    This rapid review provides a stakeholder mapping of key players, initiatives, and networks with an operational or strategic interest in the Fair Water Footprint Declaration, based on a list provided by the commissioning ...
  • The Trend Of “De-Risking” In International Finance and Its Impact on Small Island Developing States 

    Quak, Evert-jan (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-05-25)
    This rapid review synthesises the literature from academic sources, knowledge institutions, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), and trusted independent media outlets on the challenges small island development states ...
  • Imposing Sanctions on Individuals 

    Lucas, Brian (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-03)
    There is consensus in the literature that individual and targeted sanctions have little power to coerce targets to make significant policy changes, and that they are less successful in achieving their overall goals than ...
  • Examples of 'Systems Thinking' Projects in International Development 

    Hicks, Jacqueline (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-03-15)
    A “systems thinking” (ST) approach generally recognises that international development processes are complex, inter-related, non-linear, and constantly changing. They involve many different types of actors, all with different ...
  • The Humanitarian Coordination Architecture: Towards a New Hybrid Approach? 

    Kemoklidze, Nino (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-03-29)
    Humanitarian coordination as an area of scholarly research has grown exponentially over the past decade and can be considered “a well-established and mature topic” now (Jahre and Jensen, 2021, 586).The global humanitarian ...
  • Gender and Tax: Gender Equality Meets Economic Growth 

    Quak, Evert-jan; Smith, Berni (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-03)
    Women’s equal participation in an economy means they pay and benefit from fair taxes. Given that gender issues affect every aspect of tax systems, policies and administrations must identify and challenge bias against women. ...
  • Conversations on Gender and Tax 

    Hicks, Jacky; Smith, Berni; Downs, Anna; Musillo, Benedetta (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-06)
    By being ‘gender aware’, tax policy, tax administration and tax research have the potential to both reduce discrimination and promote women’s economic empowerment, and benefit the wider inclusive economic growth ...

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