Impact of COVID-19 on Migration in Bangladesh
Binte Khaleque, Afsana
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This paper discusses the post-Covid-19 migration landscape in Bangladesh and identifies the research gaps and policy opportunities that can ease the plight of migrants. A literature review of the existing evidence; Key Informant Interviews (KIIs), and a webinar among relevant government and non-government stakeholders were used to formulate this paper. More than 400,000 Bangladeshi migrant workers were forced to return during the pandemic. Findings reveal that COVID-19 has had a substantial impact on the sector. More than 400,000 Bangladeshi workers involuntarily returned due to the pandemic.ose aspiring to migrate abroad were stranded with an uncertain future and thousands who stayed in their destination country during COVID-19 times , while those who remained abroad faced various difficulties triggered by COVID-19. Findings revealed that COVID-19 had a significant impact on migration. As a result, state and non-state actors have taken measures to contain its impact on the migrant crises. However, substantial policy and research gaps nonetheless exists. Some highlights from the findings include a lack of research on the magnitude and heterogeneity of the effect of the crises by different demographics, the need for a structural reintegration process and evaluating its long-run impact, an absence of a database to track and profile migrants requiring assistance, governance failures, the dearth of knowledge on the impact of the crises on families and communities of migrants, and an urgent need for adherence to labour rights.
CitationHossain, R., Binte Khaleque, A. and Mahmood, S. (2022) 'Impact of COVID-19 on Migration in Bangladesh', Scoping Paper, Dhaka: BRAC Institute of Governance and Development (BIGD)
Rights holderBRAC Institute of Governance and Development (BIGD)
- CLEAR Bangladesh