International Migration as a Driver of Political and Social Change: Evidence from Morocco
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This paper focuses on the impact of international migration on the transfer of political and social norms. Exploiting recent and unique data on Morocco, this paper explores whether households with return and current migrants bear different political preferences and behaviours than non-migrant families. Once controlling for the double selection into emigration and return migration, the findings suggest that having a returnee in the household increases the demand for political and social change. This result is driven by returnees mostly from Western European countries, who were exposed to more democratic norms in the destination. However, we find a negative impact of having a current migrant on the willingness of the left-behind households to change. This result is driven by migrants to non-Western countries, where the quality of political and social institutions is lower. Our results are robust to also controlling for destination selectivity.
CitationTuccio, M., Wahba, J. & Hamdouch, B. International migration as a driver of political and social change: evidence from Morocco. J Popul Econ 32, 1171–1203 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00148-019-00734-9
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