The Need for Bottom-up Assessments of Climate Risks and Adaptation in Climate-sensitive Regions
Conway, Declan et al.
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Studies of climate change at specific intervals of future warming have primarily been addressed through top-down approaches using climate projections and modelled impacts. In contrast, bottom-up approaches focus on the recent past and present vulnerability. Here, we examine climate signals at different increments of warming and consider the need to reconcile top-down and bottom-up approaches. We synthesise insights from recent studies in three climate-sensitive systems where change is a defining feature of the human-environment system. Whilst top-down and bottom-up approaches generate complementary insights into who and what is at risk, integrating their results is a much-needed step towards developing relevant information to address the needs of immediate adaptation decisions.
CitationConway, D., Nicholls, R.J., Brown, S. et al. (2019) The Need for Bottom-up Assessments of Climate Risks and Adaptation in Climate-sensitive Regions. Nat. Clim. Chang. 9, 503–511, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-019-0502-0
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