Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorMacdonald, Keir
dc.identifier.citationMacdonald, K. (2021). The impact of business environment reforms on poverty, gender and inclusion. K4D Helpdesk Report No.898. Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies. DOI: 10.19088/K4D.2021.006en
dc.description.abstractThis rapid review synthesises the literature from academic, policy, and knowledge institution sources on how business environment reforms in middle-income countries impacts on poverty, gender and inclusion. Although, there is limited evidence on the direct impact of business environment reforms on poverty, gender, and inclusion, this review illustrates that there is evidence of indirect effects of such reforms. Business environment reform (BER) targets inadequate business regulations and institutions, in order to remove constraints to business investment and expansion, enabling growth and job creation, as well as new opportunities for international business to contribute to and benefit from this growth. However, there is a lack of detailed knowledge of the impact of BER on gender and inclusion (G&I) outcomes, in terms of the potential to remove institutional barriers which exclude formerly marginalised groups from business opportunities, in ways that promote equal access to resources, opportunities, benefits, and services. The literature shows how the business environment affects women in business, and how women’s experiences of a given business environment can be different from those of men. This is the result of disparities in how they are treated under the law, but also based on structural and sociocultural factors which influence how men and women behave in a given business environment and the barriers they face.en
dc.description.sponsorshipFCDO (Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office)en
dc.publisherInstitute of Development Studiesen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesK4D Helpdesk Report;898
dc.subjectEconomic Developmenten
dc.titleThe Impact of Business Environment Reforms on Poverty, Gender and Inclusionen
dc.rights.holder© Crown copyright 2021en
rioxxterms.funderDepartment for International Development, UK Governmenten

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • K4D [937]
    K4D supports learning and the use of evidence to improve the impact of development policy and programmes. The programme is designed to assist the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) and other partners to be innovative and responsive to rapidly changing and complex development challenges.

Show simple item record