How to Improve Child Health Service Utilisation in Ethiopia
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Ethiopia successfully achieved Millennium Development Goal 4 of reducing under five mortality by more than two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. Adoption of the health extension programme, and implementation of the integrated management of neonatal and childhood illnesses (IMNCI) and the integrated community case management (iCCM) models of care, contributed to this achievement. However, child mortality remains high at 67 per 1,000 live births. The top six major causes of child morbidity and mortality are pneumonia, malaria, diarrheal diseases, malnutrition-associated illnesses, measles and perinatal causes.