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dc.contributor.authorKhan, Ayesha
dc.contributor.authorKirmani, Nida
dc.identifier.citationKhan, A. and Kirmani, N. (2018) Moving Beyond the Binary: Gender-based Activism in Pakistan. Feminist Dissent, (3), 151-191en
dc.description.abstractThis article challenges the binary framework within which women in Pakistan have been viewed, by political actors, the state, and more broadly as well, as either ‘secular/feminist/godless/Westernised’ or ‘authentic/ Islamic/traditional’. It begins by contextualising the genealogy of this binary in Pakistan’s colonial and political history, which has led to the state’s side-lining of moderate religious voices and promotion of right-wing religious parties that suited its political objectives. Even the scholarship produced by the women’s movement, which arose in response to a politicised Islamisation process begun under military rule in the 1980s, inadvertently reproduces this binary as activists sought to assert a rights-based agenda and were supported by international donor funds. A shift in recent years in response to West-based international scholarship post 9/11, which focusses on the subjectivity and organisation of Islamist women, has influenced work on women in Pakistan as well as a donor turn to funding faith-based initiatives. The paper then examines current gender justice movements that emerged independently at a grass-roots level, and draws attention to their effectiveness despite lack of strong linkages with either the women’s movement or Islamist women. These include rights-based mobilisations by peasant women, community health workers, tribal women in the Taliban/conflict-affected north-west, and transgender activism. It ends by challenging feminists to engage more deeply with these forms of activism.en
dc.publisherWarwick Universityen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesFeminist Dissent;3
dc.titleMoving Beyond the Binary: Gender-based Activism in Pakistanen
dc.rights.holder© Copyright: The Authors.
dc.identifier.teamPower and Popular Politicsen
rioxxterms.funderDepartment for International Development, UK Governmenten
rioxxterms.identifier.projectAction for Empowerment and Accountability Programmeen

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