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  • Introduction to Health Sector Reform in China 

    Bloom, Gerald; Xingyuan, Gu (Institute of Development Studies, 1997-01-01)
    One of China's great successes during the period of the command economy was to provide a large majority of its population with access to basic health services at an affordable price. This contributed to major improvements ...
  • Introduction to the Three- County Study 

    Shenglan, Tang; Xueshan, Feng; Lucas, Henry (Institute of Development Studies, 1997-01-01)
    A number of the articles in this volume are based on case studies in three counties: Donglan in Guangxi province,' Shibing in Guizhou province and Xunyi in Shaanxi province. Fieldwork and data analysis were carried out in ...
  • Equity in the Utilisation of Medical Services: A Survey in Poor Rural China 

    Hao, Vu; Suhua, Cao; Lucas, Henry (Institute of Development Studies, 1997-01-01)
    Before 1978, most rural households had low incomes, with a relatively equal distribution at local level. After the economic reforms, household incomes grew rapidly, particularly in the southeastern coastal areas, and the ...
  • Utilisation of Health Services in Poor Rural China: An Analysis Using a Logistic Regression Model 

    Jianghui, Li; Suhua, Cao; Lucas, Henry (Institute of Development Studies, 1997-01-01)
    The aim of this article is to explore the determinants of utilisation of health services in poor rural areas of China. Such a systematic identification of the factors which influence the demand for, and use of, health care ...
  • Village Health Services in Rural China 

    Wei, Deng; Wilkes, Andreas; Bloom, Gerald (Institute of Development Studies, 1997-01-01)
    This article reports the findings of a questionnaire survey of 43 health workers and a survey of health stations in 27 villages in three relatively poor counties in China. This is a small sample, but the findings provide ...
  • The Changing Role of Township Health Centres 

    Shenglan, Tang (Institute of Development Studies, 1997-01-01)
    This article summarises the major changes in the role of township health centres since the initiation of socioeconomic reforms. It begins by describing the officially defined functions of health centres. Using a case study ...
  • The Impact of Health Sector Reform on County Hospitals 

    Jie, Chen (Institute of Development Studies, 1997-01-01)
    County hospitals are important providers of inpatient and outpatient services in poor rural areas. They have a higher proportion of well-qualified personnel than township health centres and they are better equipped. They ...
  • Preventive Health Care Services in Poor Rural Areas of China: Two Case Studies 

    Baogang, Shu; Jun, Yao (Institute of Development Studies, 1997-01-01)
    Since the early 1950s, 'prevention first' has been one of four major policies in China's health strategy The health status of the Chinese people has improved dramatically During the 1980s, the level of preventive health ...
  • Reproductive Health Financing, Service Availability and Needs in Rural China 

    Kaufman, Joan; Kaining, Zhang; Jing, Fang (Institute of Development Studies, 1997-01-01)
    In the last decade, major changes have occurred in the financing of health services in rural China. Simultaneously, major changes have occurred in the organisation and delivery of maternal and child health and family ...
  • Drug Prescribing in Rural Health Facilities in China: Implications for Service Quality and Cost 

    Shaokang, Zhan; Shenglan, Tang; Youde, Guo (Institute of Development Studies, 1997-01-01)
    This article reports the results of a survey of drug prescriptions by facilities in poor rural areas. They found excessive and inappropriate prescribing of drugs, which exposed patients to the risk if ineffective treatment ...
  • Health Human Resources in Rural China 

    Voulong, Gong; Wilkes, Andreas (Institute of Development Studies, 1997-01-01)
    The availability of doctors in rural areas of China is high in comparison to many other countries. However, data from a national survey show that many are poorly trained have have a low workloads. In recent years many of ...
  • China's Fiscal Decentralisation and the Financing of Local Services in Poor Townships 

    Xuejin, Zuo (Institute of Development Studies, 1997-01-01)
    This article examines the implications of the decentralisation of public finance for the provision of rural health services. It compares two townships (the lowest level of government) to demonstrate the increasing inequalities ...
  • Re forming the Rural Co operative Medical System in China: A Summary of Initial Experience 

    Carrin, Guy; Ron, Aviva; Jun, Vu; SC, Wang; Huí, Yang; Tuo Hong, Zhang; Li Cheng, Zhang; Shuo, Zhang; Vide, Ye (Institute of Development Studies, 1997-01-01)
    At the end of the 1970s, China had a rural cooperative medical system (RCMS) in place in about 95 per cent of villages. This system relied upon collective financing. The economic reforms of the 1980s jeopardised the ...
  • A Strategy for Health Sector Reform in Poor Rural China 

    Xingyuan, Gu; Bloom, Gerald (Institute of Development Studies, 1997-01-01)
    China is engaged in a major debate about the future id its heath services. One reason for this is government's recognition that basic preventative and curative health services are an essential component of an anti-poverty ...
  • Rural Health Services in China: Their Relevance for Vietnam 

    Witter, Sophie (Institute of Development Studies, 1997-01-01)
    Vietnam is the country which stands to learn the most by studying developments in health in rural areas of China. In terms of history, culture and recent political and economic reforms, it shares a great deal in common ...
  • Rural Health Services in Vietnam: Their Contemporary Relevance to Other Asian Transitional Economies 

    Tipping, Gill; Viet Dung, Truong (Institute of Development Studies, 1997-01-01)
    While the current transitional period has undermined the financial base of PHC in Vietnam and made the delivery and quality of services vulnerable, particularly at the command level, the government of Vietnam is responding ...
  • Glossary - Health in Transition: Reforming China's Rural Health Services 

    Unknown author (Institute of Development Studies, 1997-01-01)
    This is the Glossary to IDS Bulletin 28.1, 'Health in Transition: Reforming China's Rural Health Services'.
  • I. Introduction Editorial: Multilateralism in Question 

    Evans, David; Joekes, Susan (Institute of Development Studies, 01/01/1990)
  • II. New Issues and Current Negotiations: The Materials Revolution and Economic Development 

    Kaounides, Lakis (Institute of Development Studies, 01/01/1990)
    summary The spawning of a vast array of new advanced materials is of fundamental importance to the world economy. Increasingly, it seems probable that, in the 1990s, the world economy and industry will be driven and shaped ...
  • The International Trading System 

    Bhagwati, Jagdish (Institute of Development Studies, 01/01/1990)
    summary This article provides a brief overview of the achievements of UNCTAD over the last 25 years. It then examines in some detail the evolution of the world trading system, the role of multinational corporations within ...

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