US Mineral Dependence On South Africa: Exploding The Myths
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In 1986 the US Congress passed a comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act (Public Law 99-440, 22 USC 5001 et seq.) which included a ban of all imports from South Africa of agricultural products, coal, iron and steel, and textiles and exports of oil, nuclear materials, and computers to "apartheid enforcing" agencies. In addition, Section 303 of the Act prohibits imports from South African concerns which are owned, controlled or subsidized by the government except for strategic minerals essential for the economy or defense of the USA which are unavailable from elsewhere.