Survey on Household Energy Consumption Patterns: the Case of Enderta Woreda, Tigray Regional State
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This study entitled “SURVEY ON HOUSEHOLD ENERGY CONSUMPTION PATTERNS: The case of Enderta woreda, Tigray.” was developed with the aim of to understand the rural household energy consumption patterns with specific objective to identify the major source of energy consumption, to assess the determinants of adoption of improved stove and to assess the availability of alternative energy sources in the study area. To achieve the objectives of the research survey was a method of data collection using appropriate instruments such as structured questionnaire based on interview technique. The survey was covered a random sample of 120 household heads selected from three tabias based on a Probability Proportional to Size (PPS). To analysis the collected data both descriptive statistics and econometric model were adopted. For quantitative data STATA software is used to estimate probit model for analysis the determinants of adoption of improved energy technology. Interview results were presented by aggregating the responses. The major finding shows that biomass source of energy are found the main source of energy consumption in the study area used for baking injera and cooking while kerosene and dry cells are the main source of energy used for the purpose of lighting by households with no access to modern fuel while electricity is found using for purpose of lighting by households with access to modern fuel. Based on the finding concluded that the consequences of uses of biomass energy sources leads forest degradation, deforestation, and lands degradation all severe environmental problems. Improvement in resource-use efficiency through technological alternatives is vital however still application of technological alternative energy sources production and use in Ethiopia, particularly in the study area is in an infant stage. To improved the existing energy consumption patterns; rural development planners should encouraging the rural households to plant trees on their own farm land for fuel wood purpose and adoption of improved stove could contribute to reducing burden on biomass moreover different strategies should plan to introduce and disseminate alternative technologies via demonstrations, posters, and radio or TV advertisements is vital. Challenges and opportunities of renewable sources of energy and Obstacles of use of electric oven in rural households need to be addressed for future work in the study area.