Recent Submissions

  • Tackling Slippage 

    Hickling, Sophie (IDS, 2019-09)
    This issue of Frontiers of CLTS explores current thinking and practice on the topic of tackling slippage of open defecation free (ODF) status. It looks at how slippage is defined and identified, and at different patterns ...
  • Support Mechanisms to Strengthen Equality and Non-Discrimination (EQND) in Rural Sanitation (Part 2 of 2) 

    Kohlitz, Jeremy; Carrard, Naomi; Willetts, Juliet (Institute of Development Studies, 2019-07)
    A renewed focus on equity is being driven by the Human Rights to Water and Sanitation framework and Sustainable Development Goal 6.2, which emphasise the importance of adequate and equitable sanitation for all. However, ...
  • West and Central Africa Regional Rural Sanitation Workshop 

    Institute of Development Studies (Institute of Development Studies, 2018-09)
    In 2015 an estimated 38 per cent of the rural population of West and Central Africa practised open defecation (OD) while 31 per cent were reliant on unimproved sanitation facilities. Furthermore, 71 per cent of rural ...
  • Men and Boys in Sanitation 

    Cavill, Sue; Mott, Joanna; Bond, Matthew; Tyndale-Biscoe, Paul (Institute of Development Studies, 2018-09)
    Discussions of gender in sanitation and hygiene (S&H) often focus on the roles, positions or impacts on women and girls, who bear the greatest burden of work related to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). Efforts to ...
  • Rural Sanitation in Africa: Challenges, Good Practices and Ways Forward 

    Myers, Jamie (Institute of Development Studies, 2019-01)
    In order to achieve universal safely managed sanitation across Africa by 2030 the scale and pace will need to increase drastically. With this in mind, in the run up to AfricaSan 5, the CLTS Knowledge Hub based at the ...
  • Engaging Men and Boys in Sanitation and Hygiene Programmes 

    Cavill, Sue; Mott, Joanna; Tyndale-Biscoe, Paul; Bond, Matthew; Huggett, Chelsea; Wamera, Elizabeth (Institute of Development Studies, 2018)
    This issue of Frontiers of CLTS shares and builds on the learning from a desk study that explores examples of men’s and boys’ behaviours and gender roles in sanitation and hygiene (S&H). Of particular interest is the extent ...
  • East and Southern Africa Regional Rural Sanitation Workshop 

    Institute of Development Studies (Institute of Development Studies, 2018)
    The Joint Monitoring Programme estimated that in 2015 28.1 per cent of the rural population of East and Southern Africa practiced open defecation (OD) while 44 per cent were reliant on unimproved sanitation facilities. ...
  • Supporting the Poorest and Most Vulnerable in CLTS Programmes 

    Myers, Jamie; Gnilo, Michael (Institute of Development Studies, 2017-09)
    The CLTS Knowledge Hub and UNICEF convened an Asia-focused workshop titled ‘Supporting the Poorest and Most Vulnerable in CLTS Programmes’ in the Philippines in May 2017. The event brought together participants with ...
  • Equality and Non-Discrimination (EQND) in Sanitation Programmes at Scale (Part 1 of 2) 

    House, Sarah; Cavill, Sue; Ferron, Suzanne (Institute of Development Studies, 2017-08)
    A well-facilitated Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) programme that pro-actively considers and involves people who might be disadvantaged has been shown to have many benefits. A lack of this can and will often have ...
  • Supporting the Least Able Throughout and Beyond CLTS 

    Myers, Jaime; Maule, Louise; Gnilo, Michael; Chambers, Robert; Cavill, Sue (Institute of Development Studies, 2017-06)
    Since its conception in 1999, Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) has spread to over 60 countries and resulted in millions of people across the world living in open defecation free (ODF) communities. The approach was ...
  • Tracking Progress and Sustainability: Monitoring, Verification and Certification of CLTS 

    Pasteur, Katherine (Institute of Development Studies, 2017-01)
    Monitoring, verification and certification are essential for ensuring the success and sustainability of Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) efforts. Monitoring assesses and documents progress towards and the sustainability ...
  • Keeping Track: CLTS Monitoring, Certification and Verification 

    Pasteur, Katherine (Institute of Development Studies, 2017-01)
    Monitoring, verification and certification are critical elements of the CLTS process and contribute to ensuring sustainability of ODF as well as learning about changes that are needed to improve implementation. Monitoring ...
  • The Addis Agreement: Using CLTS in peri-urban and urban areas 

    Myers, Jamie; Pasteur, Katherine; Cavill, Sue (Institute of Development Studies, 2016-08)
    The CLTS Knowledge Hub with the support of Plan International Ethiopia, convened a three day workshop focusing on ‘Using a CLTS Approach and Tools in Peri-Urban and Urban Environments’ in Addis Ababa in June 2016. Over ...
  • The Community Incentive Model: Towards an Open Defecation Free Chhattisgarh 

    Rao, Vijeta (2016-12)
    The Indian Governments Swachh Bharat Mission offers a 12,000 rupee incentive to Below Poverty Line and certain Above Poverty Line households without a toilet. However, translating the incentive into successful sanitation ...
  • Sustainable Sanitation for All: Experiences, challenges and innovations 

    Bongartz, Petra; Vernon, Naomi; Fox, John (Practical Action, 2016-06)
    Great strides have been made in improving sanitation in many developing countries. Yet, 2.4 billion people worldwide still lack access to adequate sanitation facilities and the poorest and most vulnerable members of society ...
  • Using a CLTS Approach in Peri-Urban and Urban Environments: Potential at Scale 

    Myers, Jamie; Cavill, Sue; Pasteur, Katherine (Institute of Development Studies, 2016-07)
    This note summarises the potentials and limitations of using a CLTS approach in peri-urban and urban environments. It identifies the actions needed to take the approach to scale. It is one output from a workshop convened ...
  • CLTS in Post-Emergency and Fragile States Settings 

    Greaves, Frank (Institute of Development Studies, 2016-07)
    This issue of Frontiers of CLTS explores the potential, and some of the recorded learning, on how CLTS, as a community-based, collaborative approach to sanitation behavioural change, can be applied successfully in contexts ...
  • CLTS and the Right to Sanitation 

    Musembi, Celestine N.; Musyoki, Samuel M. (IDS, 2016-03)
    Lack of sanitation impacts on the rights to life and health, the right to education (through loss in school days, particularly for girls), and the right to dignity. The purpose of this issue of Frontiers of CLTS is to ...
  • Norms, Knowledge and Usage 

    Chambers, Robert; Myers, Jamie (IDS, 2016-01)
    The consistent usage of toilets has emerged as a major and growing problem, especially in India. Some members of a household with a toilet do not use it at all, while others use it only some of the time. This can start ...
  • Breaking the Next Taboo: Menstrual Hygiene within CLTS 

    Roose, Sharon; Rankin, Tom; Cavill, Sue (IDS, 2015)
    Most adolescent girls and women menstruate. This means that for five to seven days each month they bleed through their vagina. This monthly bleeding is often accompanied by abdominal cramps, headaches, mood changes and ...

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