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dc.contributor.authorLeach, Melissa
dc.contributor.authorBett, Bernard
dc.contributor.authorSaid, M.
dc.contributor.authorBukachi, Salome
dc.contributor.authorSang, Rosemary
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, Neil
dc.contributor.authorMachila, Noreen
dc.contributor.authorKuleszo, Joanna
dc.contributor.authorSchaten, Kathryn
dc.contributor.authorDzingirai, Vupenyu
dc.contributor.authorMangwanya, Lindiwe
dc.contributor.authorNtiamoa-Baidu, Ntiamoa-Baidu
dc.contributor.authorLawson, Elaine
dc.contributor.authorAmponsah-Mensah, Kofi
dc.contributor.authorM. Moses, Lina
dc.contributor.authorWilkinson, Annie
dc.contributor.authorS. Grant, Donald
dc.contributor.authorKoninga, James
dc.identifier.citationLeach, Melissa, Bernard Bett, M. Said, Salome Bukachi, Rosemary Sang, Neil Anderson, Noreen Machila, Joanna Kuleszo, Kathryn Schaten, Vupenyu Dzingirai, Lindiwe Mangwanya, Yaa Ntiamoa-Baidu, Elaine Lawson, Kofi Amponsah-Mensah, Lina M. Moses, Annie Wilkinson, Donald S. Grant, James Koninga, 2017, ‘Local disease–ecosystem–livelihood dynamics: reflections from comparative case studies in Africa’. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 5 June 2017. Volume 372, issue 1725en
dc.description.abstractThis article explores the implications for human health of local interactions between disease, ecosystems and livelihoods. Five interdisciplinary case studies addressed zoonotic diseases in African settings: Rift Valley fever (RVF) in Kenya, human African trypanosomiasis in Zambia and Zimbabwe, Lassa fever in Sierra Leone and henipaviruses in Ghana. Each explored how ecological changes and human–ecosystem interactions affect pathogen dynamics and hence the likelihood of zoonotic spillover and transmission, and how socially differentiated peoples’ interactions with ecosystems and animals affect their exposure to disease. Cross-case analysis highlights how these dynamics vary by ecosystem type, across a range from humid forest to semi-arid savannah; the significance of interacting temporal and spatial scales; and the importance of mosaic and patch dynamics. Ecosystem interactions and services central to different people's livelihoods and well-being include pastoralism and agro-pastoralism, commercial and subsistence crop farming, hunting, collecting food, fuelwood and medicines, and cultural practices. There are synergies, but also tensions and trade-offs, between ecosystem changes that benefit livelihoods and affect disease. Understanding these can inform ‘One Health’ approaches towards managing ecosystems in ways that reduce disease risks and burdens. This article is part of the themed issue ‘One Health for a changing world: zoonoses, ecosystems and human well-being’.en
dc.publisherThe Royal Society Publishingen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B;Vol 372 No 1725
dc.titleLocal Disease–Ecosystem–Livelihood Dynamics: Reflections from Comparative Case Studies in Africaen
dc.rights.holderThe Royal Society Publishingen
dc.identifier.teamDirectorate and Development Officeen
rioxxterms.funderDefault funderen
rioxxterms.identifier.projectDefault projecten

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