States, Social Policies and Globalisations
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Summaries The debate about future social policies in OECD countries is framed in the light of rich country concerns, notably of a ‘welfare state at risk’. Because globalisation processes can plausibly be presented as a major source of threat, there is a temptation to generalise the analysis globally, and to assume that social policy issues in poor countries are fundamentally the same as in OECD states. The debate about the future of social policy in poor countries should not be framed in terms of OECD concerns. Three more specific points underpin this general argument: (a) Economic globalisation is not necessarily a threat. There are good historical reasons for believing that it may create political pressures to extend as well as to shrink social provision in poor countries; (b) There is a fundamental problem of state incapacity in much of the poor world that makes many OECD?based arguments about the proper role of the state appear redundant. Greater state capacity will itself lead to more effective social policies; and (c) It makes little sense for poor countries to resist, on grounds of potential adverse impacts on social policy, the trends toward the adoption of either New Public Management practices or the broader shift from ‘positive’ to regulatory states. Whatever changes occur in the architecture of poor states, more effective regulation will remain an urgent need.
CitationMoore, M. (2000) States, Social Policies and Globalisations . IDS Bulletin 31(4): 21-31
Is part of seriesIDS Bulletin Vol. 31 Nos. 4
Rights holder© 2000 Institue of Development Studies
- Volume 31. Issue 4