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dc.contributor.authorKaluwa, Ben M.
dc.contributor.authorKandoole, Benson F.
dc.identifier.citationKaluwa, B.M. and Kandoole, B.F. (2009) The impact of market reforms on household food security in rural Malawi. In: Mudimu, G.D. and Bernsten, R.H. (eds.) Household and national food security in Southern Africa, pp. 45-63. Harare: DAEE.en
dc.descriptionA research paper on the impact of market reforms on food security in rural Malawi.en
dc.description.abstractMalawi is a landlocked country with a land area of 94,276 sq. km and a population of 8 million in 1987. Among Sub-Saharan African countries, its population density of 59 persons/km2 which is only surpassed by Rwanda, Burundi, Nigeria, and Uganda. Nearly 90% of the population is rural based, relying heavily on agriculture. This sector dominates the economy, producing 37% of the GDP and accounting for 90% of the export earnings. In addition to a lack of significant mineral deposits, these factors make Malawi a poor country in which access to arable land, its utilization, and convinient seaports are critical issues for smallholder production, income, and international trade. Moreover, the small tax base which has resulted in low government revenues has seriously constrained efforts to improve either the economic or social indicators of development such as life expectancy (45 years), infant mortality (153 per 1,000 population), nutritional status, primary school enrollment rate (62%), and per capita energy consumption 43 kg of oil equivalent (World Bank, 1988).en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe Food Security Research Project is financed by the U.S. Agency for International Development, Bureau of Science and Technology; Bureau for Africa; and the Southern Africa Regional Programme; under a Food Security in Africa cooperative agreement (DAN-1190-A-00-4092-00) with the Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University and Memorandum of Understanding with the Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, University of Zimbabwe. We are particularly appreciative of the support we have received from USAID officials, including Allison Herrick, Eric Witt, Joshua Mushuari, Doug Pickett, and Brad Wallach of USAID/Zimbabwe; and our Washington-based project managers, Michael Yates (Science and Technology) and Patricia O’brien (Africa Bureau).en
dc.publisherUniversity of Zimbabwe (UZ) Publications/ Michigan State University (MSU)en
dc.subjectRural Developmenten
dc.subjectSocial Protectionen
dc.titleThe impact of market reforms on household food security in rural Malawien
dc.typeBook chapteren
dc.rights.holderUniversity of Zimbabwe (UZ)/ Michigan State University (MSU)en

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