|dc.contributor.author||Zachariah, K. C.||
|dc.contributor.author||Rajan, S. Irudaya||
|dc.identifier.citation||Zachariah, K.C. & S.Irudaya Rajan (2007) Economic and social dynamics of migration in Kerala, 1999-2004 : analysis of panel data. CDS working papers, no.384. Trivandrum: CDS.||en_GB
|dc.description.abstract||Panel studies based on the same set of sample households or
individuals at two points of time 5 or 10 years apart are time consuming
and are relatively rare in social science research. Such a method, however,
was used in the South Asia Migration study (SMS) conducted by the
Centre for Development Studies in 2004. About 125 of the 200
Panchayats surveyed in SMS were the same as those surveyed in Kerala
Migration Study (KMS) in 1999. About 5 thousand of the 10 thousand
households of SMS in 2004 were the same as those selected in KMS in
1999. About 14 thousand individuals in the 2004 sample households
were the same as those enumerated in 1999. Thus, SMS provides
comparable panel data for about 125 Panchayats, about 5 thousand
households and about 14 thousand individuals at an interval of 5 years.
Analysis of these panel data is the objective of this paper.
The analysis of the panel data validated the trend in migration,
remittances, employment and unemployment patterns, consumption
habits, etc shown by the KMS and SMS (using the full set of 10,000
households). The trends shown by the full set of data were more or less
the same as shown by the panel data using the same set of households.
Thus, the panel analysis showed that sampling errors were within
acceptable limits in both these studies.
A special feature of the panel analysis was that it could provide
quantitative measures of shifts in employment pattern of the labour force
during 1999-2004. An equally important result of the panel analysis is
the information it provided on process of employment of those
unemployed in 1999 and the background information on the economic
activity of the unemployed in 2004. Thus, the panel analysis provides
valuable information on the transition of the unemployed before
becoming unemployed and the transition after becoming unemployed.
A one time survey cannot give such information. This is a unique feature
of this panel study described in this Working Paper.
Key Words: International Migration, Remittances, Unemployment,
Replacement Migration, Kerala
JEL Classification: J21, J23||en_GB
|dc.publisher||Centre for Development Studies||en_GB
|dc.relation.ispartofseries||CDS working papers;384||
|dc.subject||Work and Labour||en_GB
|dc.title||Economic and social dynamics of migration in Kerala, 1999-2004 : analysis of panel data||en_GB
|dc.type||Series paper (non-IDS)||en_GB
|dc.rights.holder||Centre for Development Studies||en_GB