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dc.contributor.authorHoagland, Sara H.
dc.identifier.citationHoagland, Sara H. (1986) Cross-pollination: inter-organizational learning in Kenyan tree-planting programs. Working paper no. 443, Nairobi: Institute for Development Studies, University of Nairobien_GB
dc.description.abstractDevelopment assistance organizations working on the same problems in the same region have much to learn from each other's experiences. This preliminary analysis examines inter-organizational learning, as part of a larger study of organizational learning in development assistance. A comparative analysis of tree-planting programs in Kenya found that most formal mechanisms to foster inter-organizational learning achieved only limited success. It is argued that the failures of these mechanisms can be ascribed to their reliance on the participation of program managers, who lack the time, resources, or incentives to participate beyond a superficial level. However, the analysis also reveals that a great deal of information and expertise is shared among these organizations in informal ways, through collegial networks and cooperation among extension staffs. It is recommended that formal mechanisms for inter-organizational learning be adjusted to reflect their limitations, and that informal mechanisms be recognized and encouraged.en_GB
dc.publisherInstitute for Development Studies, University of Nairobien_GB
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWorking Papers.;443
dc.subjectDevelopment Policyen_GB
dc.titleCross-pollination: inter-organizational learning in Kenyan tree-planting programsen_GB
dc.typeSeries paper (non-IDS)en_GB
dc.rights.holderInstitute for Development Studies, University of Nairobien_GB

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