Determinants of effective household solid waste managemet practice: the case in Jimma town - Southwestern Ethiopia
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This is report of thesis on the determinants of effective household solid waste management practice in a case of Jirnrna town- Ethiopia using both quantitative and qualitative research paradigms. The general objective of the study was; to analyze and identify the determinant factors of effective household solid waste management practice in Jirnrna town and forward the possible interventions. Data for the study was collected through the use of questionnaires for households, interview with the head of municipality (mayor) and focus group discussion with private waste collectors. The researcher used both quantitative and qualitative methods of analysis particularly descriptive and inferential , statistics which include tables, charts (bar and pie charts), percentage, frequency, mean, standard deviation and Chi-square and T-tests to present and analyze data respectively. The result was significant and positive correlation between the households' sex, educational level, years of stay, awareness level, willingness to pay, access to private waste collectors, law enforcement, and effective household solid waste management practices. These variables are significant at 5% level. Similarly, human power, budget, facilities and equipments have positively significant.relationship with effective solid waste management at household level. However, there is significant negative correlation between households' family size, distance of the households' house from the main road and effective household solid waste management at 5% level. Different from the above variables, both household heads' age and monthly income have no significant relationship with effective solid waste management ,at household level. As result indicated, there is no significance difference between the two groups of households (effective and ineffective) in both variables (age and monthly income). Moreover, no average mean difference between effective and ineffective groups of household heads on age (i.e. both are at 44.66 years) and it's the same is true for household heads on monthly income (i.e both are at 1667 birr). Therefore, unlike the other variables, households 'age and average monthly income are not the determinants of effective household solid waste management in the study area.