Socio-Economic Determinants of Youth Unemployment in Jimma Town, Jimma Administrative Zone, Oromia National Regional State
Wakene, Bacha Berhanu
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In the future the majority of the world population will become the resident of the urban in both developing and developed countries especially in the developing countries like Ethiopia where the expansion of towns are too fast. As a result for the search of job opportunities huge rural urban migration will occur, so this might be bring high density of youth unemployment population in the urban areas of developing countries like Ethiopia. High population of youth unemployment is one of the vital socio-economic problems that bring social disturbance, political instability and economic recession facing most developing and some developed countries. Thus urban unemployment has been considered as one of the most challenging economic problems facing the policy makers of the developing countries. So this study would have been examined the socio-economic and demographic determinants of the urban unemployment in Ethiopia in general and specifically in Jimma town. The intensity of the problem is high in urban areas in general, Jimma town in particular where youth face serious difficulty in getting employment. As line sector offices of the municipality like micro and small scale enterprise Agency of Jimma town verifies and various local studies indicated the level of youth unemployment in Jimma town is on alarming rate. Yet, little is known about the factors that make worth youth unemployment in the study area. In light of this problem, this study will be conducted with an objective of assessing the demographic and socio-economic determinants of youth unemployment. The primary data were collected from 451 youths randomly selected from the seventeen kebele of Jimma town for this study purpose. Simple frequencies cross tabulation (chi -square test) and binary logistic regression were used for the analysis of data.