The causes of labour migration.
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Labour migration in East Africa persists as a continuing movement of farmers and school leavers to sell their labour in rural or urban areas away from their homes. In a situation where the supply of this unskilled labour greatly exceeds both the present and the potential future demand, the result is a chronic under-utilization of human resources in the rural areas. To understand how this situation has arisen, and why it persists, it is necessary to account for the nature of labour migration, and its relation to attitudes towards employment and agriculture.