Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorChambers, Robert
dc.contributor.authorGhildyal, B.P.
dc.identifier.citationChambers, R. & Ghildyal, B.P. (1984), Agricultural Research for Resource-Poor Farmers: The Farmer-First-and-Last Model, Ford Foundation Discussion Paper no 16, New Delhi: Ford Foundationen_GB
dc.description.abstractThe normal 'transfer-of-technology' (TOT) model for agricultural research has built-in biases which favour resource-rich farmers whose conditions resemble those of research stations. A second, emerging model is 'farmer-first-and-last (FFL). This starts and ends with the farm family and the farming system. It begins with holistic and interdisciplinary appriasal of farm families' resources, needs and problems, and continues with on-farm and with- farmer R and D, with scientists, experiment stations and laboratories in a consultancy and referral role. FFL fits the needs and opportunities of resource-poor farm families better than TOT. FFL approaches promise a greater contribution from agricultural research to the eradication of rural poverty in India.en_GB
dc.publisherFord Foundationen_GB
dc.relation.ispartofseriesFord Foundation Discussion Papers;16
dc.titleAgricultural research for resource-poor farmers: the farmer-first-and-last modelen_GB
dc.typeSeries paper (non-IDS)en_GB

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • The Robert Chambers Archive [415]
    A complete bibliography of Robert Chambers spanning four decades of research on participatory development.

Show simple item record