Impact of an Innovative Tuberculosis Financing and Payment Model on Health Service Utilization by Tuberculosis Patients in China: Do the Poor Fare Better than the Rich?
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Tuberculosis (TB) prevalence is closely associated with poverty in China, and poor patients face more barriers to treatment. Using an insurance-based approach, the China-Gates TB program Phase II was implemented between 2012 and 2014 in three cities in China to improve access to TB care and reduce the financial burden on patients, particularly among the poor. This study aims to assess the program effects on service use, and its equity impact across different income groups.