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Analyse des incohérences dans les déclarations de TVA des contribuables au Rwanda

dc.contributor.authorMascagni, Giulia
dc.contributor.authorMukama, Denis
dc.contributor.authorSantoro, Fabrizio
dc.coverage.spatialRwandaen
dc.date.accessioned2019-03-26T10:05:45Z
dc.date.available2019-03-26T10:05:45Z
dc.date.issued2019-03-25
dc.identifier.citationMascagni G; Mukama, D. and Santoro, F. (2019) An Analysis of Discrepancies in Taxpayers’ VAT Declarations in Rwanda, ICTD Research in Brief 34, Brighton, IDSen
dc.identifier.citationMascagni G; Mukama, D. and Santoro, F. (2019) Analyse des incohérences dans les déclarations de TVA des contribuables au Rwanda, ICTD Research in Brief 34, Brighton, IDSfr
dc.identifier.urihttp://opendocs.ids.ac.uk/opendocs/handle/123456789/14421
dc.description.abstractIn recent years, one of the most important developments in African tax administration has been the widespread adoption of value added tax (VAT). A key feature of VAT is its self-enforcement mechanism, which incentivises buyers to request a receipt and claim refunds on VAT paid. This should in principle go against the seller’s incentive to under-report sales and pay less VAT. VAT also generates a paper trail: sellers and buyers need to keep records and report data to the revenue authority, which gains information to use for enforcement. However, VAT can be challenging to implement in low and middle-income countries for at least two reasons: (i) administrative complexity, as the authority needs to check more information to prevent evasion and fraud than for a simple sales tax; (ii) evasion and informality, as the VAT chain can break down when formal taxpayers trade with informal ones, or when under-reporting is widespread. Working with the Rwanda Revenue Authority (RRA), we focus on the challenge of administrative complexity. This could be solved by better use of available administrative data to spot incorrect reporting. We map the extent and depth of VAT discrepancies in Rwanda from July 2016-June 2017. Two types of discrepancies are studied: (i) internal discrepancies, i.e. divergent information reported by the same taxpayer in different data sources; and (ii) external discrepancies, i.e. divergent information reported by sellers and buyers for the same transactions. We also measure the effectiveness of the RRA’s new (January 2017) refund validation control, which tackles buyers’ fake refund claims.en
dc.description.abstractCes dernières années, un des plus importants développements au sein de l’administration fiscale en Afrique a été l’adoption généralisée de la taxe sur la valeur ajoutée (TVA). Un élément clé de la TVA est son mécanisme d’autoapplication, qui amène les acheteurs à demander un reçu pour obtenir un remboursement de la TVA payée. Cela devrait en principe contrecarrer l’intérêt, pour les vendeurs, de sous-déclarer dans le but de payer moins de TVA. La TVA génère également une trace papier : les vendeurs et les acheteurs doivent tenir un registre et fournir leurs données aux autorités fiscales, qui acquièrent ainsi des informations qui seront utiles pour la mise en application.fr
dc.description.sponsorshipUKAIDen
dc.description.sponsorshipBill and melinda Gates Foundationen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherIDSen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesICTD Research in Brief;34
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/en
dc.subjectFinanceen
dc.subjectGovernanceen
dc.titleAn Analysis of Discrepancies in Taxpayers' VAT Declarations in Rwandaen
dc.titleAnalyse des incohérences dans les déclarations de TVA des contribuables au Rwandafr
dc.typeSeries paper (non-IDS)en
dc.rights.holder© ICTD 2019en
dc.identifier.teamGovernanceen
rioxxterms.funderDefault funderen
rioxxterms.identifier.projectInternational Centre for Tax and Development (ICTD)en
rioxxterms.versionVoRen
rioxxterms.funder.projectd0494d8c-1354-478a-b0b6-0ae4dd9cf717en


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