The formation of engineering labour markets in Kenya 1918-1979
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This paper outlines the basic theoretical and empirical objectives of a study on the historical constitution of engineering labour markets in Kenya between 1918-1979. The analysis of developments in the formal training and utilization of engineers, technicians and artisans focuses on the nature of the relationship between the supply and demand of these three categories of manpower within the modern sector. This in turn entails the elaboration of a theoretical framework within which the complex interaction of economic, political and social factors can be assessed. The provision of training facilities has been determined by the basic conceptions of the state concerning the "needs" for engineering manpower. The study focuses in particular on the establishment of 'professional’ engineering training and the role of the engineering profession in this process. The analysis of the utilization of engineering manpower will attempt to identify the changing labour requirements emanating from the economy and, in particular, the manufacturing sector.