Recent Submissions

  • Political Demands and Essential Guarantees: Editorial 

    Rew, Alan (Institute of Development Studies, 01/06/1978)
    SUMMARY An extended editorial essay examines the nature of the basic needs debate, providing a context for the discussion taken up in subsequent articles. Particular and distracting attention is usually paid in that ...
  • Scholars and Preachers 

    Dore, Ronald (Institute of Development Studies, 01/06/1978)
    SUMMARY If it is naive to think that scholarly analysis of policy means can be easily divorced from evaluative preaching about its ends, it is sloppy not even to try to make the distinction. But few people in the development ...
  • Basic Needs and its Critics 

    Ghai, Dharam (Institute of Development Studies, 01/06/1978)
    SUMMARY This article considers the validity of some of the recent criticisms that have been levelled against the basic needs approach to development. These include the allegations that the approach lacks scientific rigour; ...
  • Basic Human Needs: Concept or Slogan, Synthesis or Smokescreen ? 

    Green, Reginald Herbold (Institute of Development Studies, 01/06/1978)
    SUMMARY Basic Human Needs/Basic Needs emerged in the middle 1970s as a widely debated way of analysing and formulating development. It has a number of elements and has drawn upon a number of country experiences and is ...
  • Exclusive Needs, Inclusive Services 

    Schaffer, Bernard (Institute of Development Studies, 01/06/1978)
    SUMMARY The crucial question in realising basic needs strategies concerns the effort to include those areas, peoples and their requirements which tend to be excluded from the existing benefits of growth, and especially ...
  • Basic Needs in the Competitive Economy 

    Bienefeld, Manfred (Institute of Development Studies, 01/06/1978)
    SUMMARY This paper argues that the view of basic needs deficiencies as a residual problem largely affecting those not yet fortunate enough to be incorporated within the modern economy is highly misleading. It suggests ...
  • The Satisfaction of Basic Educational Needs 

    Colclough, Christopher (Institute of Development Studies, 01/06/1978)
    SUMMARY Formal education systems in poor countries are typically expensive and exclusive. A small proportion of children receive a disproportionate share of their benefits. Attention is slightly shifting towards making ...
  • Subsidies and Basic Needs 

    Selwyn, Percy (Institute of Development Studies, 01/06/1978)
    SUMMARY The paper examines the case for subsidies as a means of helping to meet basic needs, as compared with the direct support of incomes. In general, subsidies are justifiable where markets do not work well, where ...
  • The Informal Sector and the World Economy: Notes on the Structure of Subsidised Labour 

    Portes, Alejandro (Institute of Development Studies, 01/06/1978)
    SUMMARY The informal sector in Third World cities was initially identified as the mechanism by which the poor managed to survive under adverse conditions. Subsequent studies showed how interdependent informal activities ...
  • Prospects for a Basic Needs Strategy: The Case of Kenya 

    Godfrey, Martin (Institute of Development Studies, 01/06/1978)
    SUMMARY Implementation of the 1972 ILO report on Kenya, which might be regarded as the first ‘basic needs’ report, has been distinctly patchy, and the Kenyan economy is still at a crossroads as far as future strategy is ...