Development of ethical phytomedicines for Togo, West Africa
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The use of traditional remedies based on plant, animal and mineral extracts is a common practice in West African countries, especially in the rural areas where approximately 70-80% of the population lives. In Togo for example, ethnobotanical surveys indicate uses for >350 species of plants, 24 species of animals and 5 mineral preparations. (Adajanohoun et al. 1996). The remedies are prepared by healers, according to their ancestral knowledge. The healers are well known in their villages and the population has a great regard for most of them. In Togo, they often have their own clinics and are well organized into a national association.