Reality of stakeholder participation in water resource management: the case of the Mazowe Catchment Pilot Protect
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The Mazowe Catchment, particularly the upper portion, has led the national movement towards stakeholder participation in water resources for over a decade. In response to water scarcity and related conflict, the first River Board in Zimbabwe was formed in 1984 in the Glendale area to manage existing Water Rights. The legislation followed in 1985. The first Catchment River Board was formed in 1985. This MCRB has jurisdiction over seven River Boards in its area which covers the upper Mazowe catchment as far as the confluence with the Nyagui near Shamva. The first CIS was started in tire catchment in 1984, when the Marodzi CIS was formed. The first CIS in which the Government of Zimbabwe is a partner is also in the area, that is Jumbo CIS, which was formed in 1992. A substantial portion of the Nyagui catchment is also presently managed by River Boards. When the present pilot project started in 1990, it was a private initiative envisaged for the Mazowe River Board area. The project stemmed from tire vision of many stakeholders and water managers to use water development as an engine of growth. The vision was for all stakeholders to be involved in dam investment and, through levies on the water released, further investments could be made to the benefit of the whole community. The ZINWA initiative corresponded with many of the objectives of tile private initiative as it was perceived that a project working in harmony with government had a much better chance of success. The project evolved into a pilot project for the proposed new legal structure. All sectors of the community were appraised of the idea over a period of several years and a group of keen individuals was formed to develop the idea. This group, the MRCDG, still meets on a voluntary basis once a month.